All posts by Franziska Fendt

Logistics in the ancient Egypt

Logistic is not an invention of modern times.

Even in the ancient Egypt logistic appeared. This can be seen at the Pyramid of Cheops which is a logistical masterpiece. This Pyramid was build 2700 before Christus, has a weight of 6 tons and a height of 146 meter.

Until now it could not be completely proven how the Egyptians build the Pyramid.

Researcher know that most of the stones were quarried near the place where the pyramid was build.

Without modern transport possibilities and a weight of 2,5 kilo per stone, the workers managed to bring the stones with barges from the quarries. The distance between the building yard and the quarries were ~300 meters and had a difference of height between 15 to 25 meters.

The workers used sledges for transportation. For these sledges they build wooden tracks.

Was the ascent of the inclination more than 5°, the Egyptians probably used a rope roll to transport the material. The construction was made of wood and was placed every 75 meters on a ramp.

Ropes were attached to the sledge, brought up to the rope roll, slung over the cross-piece of the rope roll and back.

For this step, 11 workers for a slope of 5° were needed. On one side of the slope they walked upwards and on the opposite side, they walked downwards and pull the rope. With this technique they pulled up the stone by using their own body weight.

Once the stones were at the building yard and the plateau for the pyramid was build, the construction could start.

The first 30 meters were the most labour intensive since 50% of the total material was used.

For the construction 5 tracks go up the pyramid flan and at each track 2 double teams of workers were needed.

It was calculated that a total number of 6700 workers were necessary to build the Pyramid of Cheops within 20 years.


If you want to know more about the Pyramid of Cheops visit the following webpage:


Flower Logistics

Tomorrow is Mother’s Day in Germany. And since I am in Spain for a half year I can’t celebrate this day with my mom. But nevertheless, I want to make her happy and therefore send her a little present.

Sending a bouquet of flowers seems therefore a very good option.

If you are searching for the possibility of sending flowers directly to a person, countless of different websites offering exactly this option and that not without reason. More than 22% of all Germans are buying flowers over the internet. The price for these flowers are obviously much more expensive than buying directly at a florist, but the online shops know that people which buy flowers over the internet have no other choice and will pay the higher price.

The basics are always the same.

One possibility is to choose between different occasions like Birthday, Mother’s Day, Bereavement, Gratulations, to find a bouquet suitable for the corresponding event.

Once you have chosen the perfect bouquet of flowers, you can choose the size between small, medium and large.

After your decision you have the possibility to add extras, like a greeting card, chocolate, wine, champagne or a teddy bear.

After the online shop received your order and your payment, they will forward this order to a florist near the address of the recipient.

The florist will then create the bouquet of flowers with the descriptions of the internet, so the bunch is as close as possible to the expectations of the customer and since the customer indicate the exact date of the delivery, the florist will try to deliver the order close to this date. Variations plus or minus 1 day are hereby possible.

In my opinion these online shops for the delivery of flowers are a great possibility to give other people a little joy when you can not be there.

A Logistics Plan that saves Life!

You may think that a good logistic system is always important for the success of a company. But a good structured logistic plan can achieve more than just gain profits, it can save life!

In 2015, worldwide more than 126.670 human organs were transplanted to save a person’s life.

The most transplanted organs are kidneys, livers and hearts.

Sometimes the fresh human organs must travel across national borders. The time factor is hereby the most important aspect. If the logistic plan is not perfectly structured or complications occur during the carrying, the organ can get useless.

The most common process of organ transplantation starts with the brain death of the donor. After that, the doctors do everything to keep the organs alive.

Organizations like the Deutsche Stiftung Organtransplantation in Germany and the Organización Nacional de Trasplantes in Spain support the doctors during the whole process. These organizations determine the respective recipient of the organ, organize the transportation process and coordinate the collaboration between the implantation centers.

After all necessary medical checks and after the respective recipient for the organ is found, the organ will be removed from the donor’s body and will be cleaned with a conservation fluid. Thereafter, the organ will be packed in a sterile bag and placed in a styropor box which is filled with ice. The life-saving organs will be delivered by car, plane, train or helicopter. 30 to 35 percent of all organs will be delivered through air transportation.

The kind of transportation depends on the corresponding distance to the implantation center and the duration the organ can survive without being supplied with blood. A human heart can still be useful until 4 hours without blood circulation and a kidney until 24 hours.

During the transport, the styropor box will have a temperature of 4 Degree Celsius to guarantee a good condition for the conservation of the organ.

The whole process can cost up to 16.000€.

Once reached the destination point, the organ will be handed over to a responsible person from the implantation center.


Click to access 2893_1_Hintergrund_Organtransport.pdf

Animal Transportation

When you already visited the Bioparc in Valencia, I am pretty sure that you will have asked yourself how these animals came into the zoo. Especially because the theme of the Parc is Africa you maybe had thoughts like “did they had catch them in the African wildlife?” and “did these animals like giraffes and lions come to Valencia by plane?”.

The answers to these questions seem to be difficult and so is the animals’ transport. There are many different ways of animal transportation, but in every case the planning starts already several months before, with a lot of paper work. Besides, the animals will get a health check-up, so no diseases will be carried into the destination country. A month before the transport, a responsible person from the destination zoo will visit the animal in their home place, to get an insight into the animals current living situation. The truth is that almost all animals are exchanges from other zoos or parks. Catching animals in the wild is nowadays difficult and almost impossible because of animal protection guidelines. Thus, giraffes for example will be born in a zoo and transferred to another zoo or park. This is due to the regulation of the European Union, which limits the number of inspection posts for animals to airports only. This means that the animal size is limited to the maximal size that can carried by plane.

As mentioned before, there are many ways of animal transportation. Starting from the decision regarding a transportation via air, sea or land, about the loading and offloading possibilities and ending with decisions concerning the best season for the transportation.

But no matter in which way the transfer will be performed, the whole time the animal’s health & stress level will be checked and can result in a cancellation of the undertaking.

Taking the example of an elephant transfer, the moving starts several weeks before, with a training for the elephant to go into the crate. On the transportation day, once the elephant is inside the crate, it is lifted a few inches off the ground and paused to see how the elephant reacts.

The crate is placed on the flatbed of a semitruck and cameras are placed in the crate behind the elephant to control its reactions. During the transfer, several stops are planned to constantly check the elephant’s health.

At the destination, a crane or a forklift is used to remove the crate from the truck.

Elephant transport in the past:

elephant transport

Elephant Transport nowadays:

Elephant transport


The way animals will be transferred differs from one animal species to another.

So, for example, dolphins are transported like this:

dolphin transport

Inventory Control with the RFID System

One of the goals of inventory management is to make the processes smarter. Despite the fact that controlling the inventory via barcodes was a revolution, it has major disadvantages.

  • Products can only be scanned one after another and a short distance to the reader is necessary.

One option to solve this negative side of barcodes is the RFID (Radio-frequency Identification) system. The RFID system is a passive system since the products will be checked automatically by a device, so no employee must scan it by hand.

For this system, products (or boxes/pallets) are labelled with a chip. These chips contain a microchip (that stores and processes information) and a transmitter (for transmitting and receiving signals), which will be activated by a RFID-reader. The information will be transmitted via radio waves, which makes the communication between the chip and the reader over a defined distance possible.


Compared to the distance which is possible for reading a barcode (~4,5 meter), the RFID system is able to exchange the information over a distance of ~ 90 meter.

The RFID system didn´t gain its popularity in the logistic and transportation sector without reason and has important aspects which should be taken into account:

  • The RFID chips can be read quickly (typically in under 100 milliseconds).
  • A large number of products can be read at once.
  • The system updates the containing information steadily and storing a huge amount of information is possible.

The Path of Life´s Foundation

To survive, two things are crucial. Getting food and staying hydrated.

As a rule of thumb, you can survive 3 weeks without food but only 3 days without water. The human body consists of more then 65% water and 2/3 of the muscle mass is actually water. Water is the most essential part for staying healthy and active.

People buy water automatically and almost every time in bottles. But did you ever ask yourself how the water gets into the bottle? And where does the water come from?

Now, I will give you answers to these questions based on the example of “Gerolsteiner”.

Common water is gained from ground- or surface water, but “Gerolsteiner” mineral water is obtained from 250m deep layers of dolomite found in the Vulcanic Eifel region.

Precipitation seeps down from the earth´s surface, where it runs through layers of dolomite. This special limestone rock contains calcium and magnesium, which is geologically specific to the Gerolstein region. During this process the rainwater will be filtrated, and it takes up calcium and magnesium.

Mineral water

The whole procedure takes about 50 to 100 years until the water can be gained.

The water will be pumped to daylight with the help of a well system.

After that, and a few quality controls, it will be bottled directly at the source. Followed by several further quality controls the bottles are getting sealed and labelled.

The water bottles will be packed in layers onto pallets. After the labelling of the pallets the water is ready for transport.

If you want to learn more about the logistics at Gerolsteiner view the following video:

The Path of the Luggage

I guess everybody who ever flew with an airplane, was probably hoping that also his/her personal luggage would reach the desired destination airport and would not get lost along the way. The fear to spend two weeks on holiday or on a business trip without fresh clothes and personal items is always present in the heads of the passengers.

And this fear is not baseless. Since 2008 almost ~ 33 million baggage items got lost.

Maybe now you will ask yourself: How does the Luggage get into the airplane to fly with you around the world?

The luggage’s way starts at one of the numerous check-in desks; where it gets a board card like a traveller. The barcode on this banderol holds information about the respective weight of the luggage, the destination, the flight number, the interchange and the passengers name.

After a laser camera scanned the barcode, the luggage gets into the baggage conveyor system, where it races 5m per second with a deafening noise along its way to the airplane. The baggage will be transported in plastic tubs and passes a number of security check-points, where it gets controlled by a X-ray machine. In case it includes any suspect content, a special airport employee will open the luggage.


The whole transport within the baggage conveyor system is automatized and barcode readers guide the items to the respective baggage compartment by scanning the container number and luggage number.

From this point, the items will be loaded into the airplanes cargo area.

Directly after the landing, first, the unloading of the baggage for the passengers that have to reach another airplane starts. Afterwards, the luggage of the first-class passengers will be handed out and at last the items of the remaining passengers will be processed.

The most common causes for a loss of the luggage are changes in booking, customs control, mistakes during the loading or old banderols.

The passenger can increase the chance of getting back the luggage after it doesn´t reach the destination by adding a name plate.

So always make sure to include your name tag! 😉



HelloFresh – Home delivery of Food Ingredients

Logistics has long been a part of the business strategies of companies and is indispensable nowadays.

The purpose of Logistics is to plan and organize and implement the bridging of the dimensions of time and space within a system. Due to that, Logistic is one of the most important functions of an enterprise.

For this purpose, the seven R´s (Figure 1) are the central tasks of Logistics.

seven R´s

But also in the private sector, these seven elements of Logistics should not be ignored.


Lately, companies like “HelloFresh” exploit the current market situation, in which it is important for the society to save as much time as possible. With their business idea, which is mainly to save time for the consumer, they placed themselves in the market.


Their main concept is to offer recipes and the necessary ingredients for the respective meals. Additionally, the delivered ingredients fit to the chosen amount of people as well as the amount of meals. So, the customer has the possibility to choose between 2, 3 and 4 people, and between 3 to 5 recipes per week.

They deliver the right ingredients in the right quantity, with the right quality to the customers home, at the right time and the right costs for the right customer. (remember the 7 R´s)

This business concept has the advantage of a huge time saving aspect for the consumer. The times in which the customer had to spent time in supermarkets and on long supermarket checkouts, as well as the times for finding new ideas for healthy and delicious meals are over.