When arriving in Spain I immediatley felt well and a little bit like at home. Despite that, there are of course differences in habit and the daily life.

One of those diffences is the attitude how to handle plastic. Every shop and supermarket is packing your stuff into bags. Even it is already packed into plastic, the product is wrapped again in plastic. The huge amount of waste is uncredible. And it is absolutely normal to do it in that way, at least for me it seems like it is normal.

normal consumption


Compared to that, in Germany everyone is forced to avoid to use that amount of plastic in your daily life. The plastic bags in the supermarket are quite expensive, around 25 ct per bag. Therefor, a lot of people bring their own baskets and bags for the shopping.

The annual consumption in 2010 were estimated with 198 bags per citizen. Spain was below average with 120 bags, Germany consumed only 64 bags and the „leader“ were the eastern european countries as Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia (466 bags). Denmark, Sweden and Ireland only 4 to 18 bags per citizen. How can you manage to consume only 4 BAGS per year???

In the European Parlament the representives of 28 member states agreed with the proposal „Reducing Plasticbag Consumption for the Environment”.

Environmental Problem

 Countries can decide wether they ensure that the consumption of bags per citizen does not exeed. The number of bags should not be more than 90 until 2018 and just 40 until 2025. The other option for the countries is to ensure that bags have to be paid in the shops.


what’s logistics management?

Logistic Management mean to processes related planing , control, excicution and opperation of organisation also include data management and finance transaction removement, collegetion and storage of matherial. Efficent service talking to sasticfication of customers throughtout the service, product and supply chain. logistic devision in to 2 groups: 1. Matherial handling or Matherial management. 2. Distribution management or  plysical Logistic is a forecasting, packaging, production planing, purchasing, transport, warehousing, manufacture and distribution of goods.logisticCaptura

Pharmaceutical logistics.

The pharmaceutical sector is a sector that needs a very strict control in the supply chain and logistics controlled temperature, because there are very important products for the health of people and it’s sold in pharmacies and used in hospitals.

On Monday January 5, 2015 the existence of new solutions for pharmaceutical logistics was published on the website “”.

This article says that Liebherr has launched new products aimed at improving the daily work in warehouses and transport in the pharmaceutical sector.
Also, Frigicoll will become the supplier os the solutions in Spain.

The advances in new technologies are helpful for this sector.
Creating a device (RS485 interface) to manage incidents even without being in the laboratory and the possibility of receiving alarm messages to a mobile device about these issues.

Moreover, the experience of Frigicoll in refrigeration, has served to launch a line of logistics necessary for pharmaceuticals products. With this, they can distribute equipment for chemical storage, which is an improvement for laboratories, warehouses, hospitals and pharmacies, and even for transportation.


The fist image that comes to my mind when I hear about the word “logistics” is a container port. This can be due to the fact that I live in Valencia, where we can find the sixth container port in Europe with the major containers movement. I’m used to seeing from my early years, not too far from the beach, enormous cranes near to huge surface area full of containers, and also a lot of lorries carrying containers in and out of the city.

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There are many different logistics activities in a container port to the extent that there are different kinds of port operation:

Direct: communication between boat and ground transportation is almost immediate because in the moment that a boat arrives to the port, there is a lorry or a railway waiting to pick the freight. Boats are discharged with pier’s cranes, which are very big gantry cranes.

Semi-direct: operation in which the communication between seaway and overland requires a gathering esplanade in the port. So the containers have to stay in the esplanade until the land transport (rail or road transport) arrives.

 Indirect: in this operation it is needed not only a gathering esplanade but also the freight is stored during a period of time. The containers are moved from the discharge zone to the storage area by straddle-carrier.

Therefore, the staff has to manage the huge amount of lorries that are waiting to be loaded from a boat that has just arrived to the port, but also from the containers that have been stored some hours, days or months before.

A container port is, ultimately, a modal interchange point so the total activity includes a hard and large logistic work in each one of the four subsystems that it is composed of:

  •  Loading and unloading ships subsystem, which is in charge of resolving the maritime interface and all the aspect of civil engineering, the necessary equipment such as the forklift trucks and all the agents involved in this activity.
  •  The container storage subsystem occupies the largest part of the terminal surface. A suitable layout is very important because it is strongly attached with the land transport, and also is very significant the type of handing mechanism.
  •  Reception and delivery ground transport subsystem, which is composed of all the volume information, facilities and the specific area in order of making easier the door to rail and road transport.
  •  Internal interconnection subsystem, which is essential to guarantee horizontally containers transport among the other three subsystems.

In addition to these, we should emphasize the complexity of operating with heavy loads and manipulating the specific machinery.

Also, they have to manage the empty containers and coordinate the ones which have to stay in the warehouse taking into account when is the departure schedule.

And we are missing to talk about many other factors that also demand operations of planning and control because there are not only Full Container Loads (FCL) but also what is known as Less Than Container Load (LCL) which requires an additional subsystem to load a container with a variety of ways of present the freight such as boxes or pallets.  LCL is the freight traffic that is set together for being transported but it has to be separated in destiny.

As we have seen, the container terminal could be considered as a paradigmatic case of complete and complex logistic activity.

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Guitars return!

In the last class of Logistics, we were talking about the tremendous growth experienced by international trade relative to GDP growth from 1950 to the present. This means that although the level of production of goods and services has grown, proportionally the number of transactions has increased more. Generally, a larger number of transactions represent more movement of raw materials, goods, merchandise or products. That is, more transport. We saw reflected this fact in the following graph but there is more updated information in this web.

Let’s see an example of what we mean. Take an important spanish guitar factory and call it XGuitars (we could find some real examples like this). Well, to just over 20 years ago, XGuitars bought directly raw materials to build their guitars, then processed these raw materials in the most appropriate manner, and finally guitars were built and sold. But this simple model has been complicated.
There are specialized companies in Spain importing all kinds of woods (the same guitar may contain parts made with American, Asian, African and European woods). They get better prices than XGuitars. So to XGuitars it is more profitable to buy their raw materials to these specialized importers. XGuitars processes the wood to get parts that form the guitar. The assembly of the guitars is a very manual process and labor is expensive, then the prices of the most basic models are expensive and competitiveness is lost. So, cheaper hand labor is sought, but where? Well, usually in China (although this is changing). Improvements in sea transport and its price make profitable for XGuitars sending parts or mounting kits to China. There, the guitars are assembled and returned to Spain. Guitars are received and finished and after passing an exhaustive quality control, are released. And for several years, the market is basically the international market and especially the Chinese!
To summarize and simplify, the woods importer buys raw material in many different parts of the world (first transaction), XGuitars purchases it to the importer (second transaction), XGuitars sends the parts to China (third transaction), China returns the assembled guitars to XGuitars (fourth transaction) and finally, XGuitars finishes the guitars and sells them to China (fifth transaction).
Is it a complex model or not?

Fresh Roses in Time For Valentine’s Day!

Valentine’s Day! The most romantic day of the year for many many couples and friends, celebrating Valentine’s Day is a must in the U.S and one of the two days in the year where thousends of flowers are bought, besides Mother’s Day.

Eighty porcent of the flowers sold in the U.S for Valentine’s Day are shipped from Latin America, where fabulous weather conditions allow countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala & Costa Rica export only for Valentine´s Day the incredible amount of 231,466 flowers. Shippings starts weeks before the 14th of february, these beauties journey to the U.S. takes two-weeks, just in time to be blooming at their best in this lovely holiday, but how this is possible? , surprising, right? because for most of the women if a roses bouquet last at least more than ten days looking beautiful, is like winning a big battle! But the travel flowers have their secrets….. shipping & temperature conditions make it all!

Let’s look the flowers journey!

Day 1:  Flowers are harevested by Hand and are Pre Cooled at 35 °F to prevent blooming

Day 2: Flowers travel from the farm to the airport! ….. passport ready! Flowers travel to the US and are welcome in Miami, Miami airport is the central hub for all flowers import. They arrive to custom cleareance! luckily them,  they have their visa and all the papers in order, cleareance process can take to 1-24 hrs at warmer temperatures, 65° – 85 ° F

Day 3:  Exhausted flowers leave to a warehouse where they are greeted with cooler temperatures…. bouquets are assembled

Day 4: Initial Distribution in refrigerated trucks to destinations across the U.S.(Biggest Retailers)

Day 5- 7: In Transit … with the adequate temperature, flowers are still dormant

Day 7-9: Forward Distribution to Retailer’s Distribution Centers

Day 8-10: Distribution to Independent Retailers… Still refrigerated at the right temperature!

Day 9-11: Distribution to Stores … Flowers are distributed to stores ready to Shine!

Day 10-12:

Flowers are purchased ;)!

Flowers make a big journey from Latin America , in every part of the process there is a risk that if flowers are exposed to warmer temperatures and in those cases they bloom earlier causing loss to the companies, the exceptional logistics is in keeping the costs and temperature so lucky valentines can receive their favorites flowers fresh with many days of life to come… And to find a balance between not receive them too early… or too late in the stores.

So next Valentine’s Day you will know the hard work behind the romantic gesture of the flowers you received or that you bought..!

Correos’s logistic problem

Since some years ago, It has become very usual to buy items from other countries by internet, using pages as Ebay or Amazon. The confort of buying from your own computer and the posibility to search for atractive prices (for example in China’s goods) has made increase the international packets trafic, specially in Christmas. In the attatched new link, we can see a situation happened by no taking this into account.

To sum up the main problem, the international packets entrance point of Barajas Airport was saturated last month, and as a result thousands of packets were outdoors while waiting to be processed. There are several reasons that explain how was it posible to arrive to this dangerous situation to the packets, because they could have been damaged by the rain:
-Lack of staff: it is not a recent fact, but in specially busy seasons this problem becomes even bigger. As personal is not enough the whole process is slower

-Warehouse capacity: seems to be very limitated for the actual needs.

-Wrong planing: as said before, the increment of packets produced by Christmas season was not taking into account. Extra temporarly staff would have helped to processing more packets in less time and reduce the extra saturation effect of Christmas.

This is a good example about a logistic problem. It would be interesting also to know the later process of the packets, how they are picked from the tons we can see in the image, processed and delivered, because in related news I saw comments saying that packets are not always delivered in order: it seems some packets were waiting for being picked there for a month, while others arrived later were processed and delivered in just one week.
However, it seems clear that there ir urgent for Correos to review its Logistic plan, at least for the next Christmas season


Fireworks, how to transport and store dangerous goods.


As everyone know, every March in Valencia, one of the most famous feast in Spain starts, and it’s name is “Las Fallas”.

This festivity is well known for setting fire to every “Falla” on March 19th and for being one of the most noisy feast in the world. This lovely noise is because of the fireworks and the “mascletà” but, ¿How the pyrotechnists deal with the transport and the storage of that amount of powder?

In Spain we have a strong regulation about fireworks and, every year, the healthcare system try to add new rules to that sector in order to avoid injuries in the young people.

Nowadays, only acredited as a profesional pyrotechnist can transport fireworks, and for that they should follow very strict rules:

  • The vehicles should be recovered inside with plastic or wood in order to prevent the friction.
  • The vehicles should be isolated.
  • Ventilation and permanent revision.
  • “Dangerous goods” Signals.
  • And, of course, the rest of the normal precautions or equipment for all the vehicles.

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Moreover, the storage of the fireworks has several restrictions:

  • The different types of fireworks can not be mixed.
  • The placement should be natural illuminated and ventilated.
  • Must have natural barriers
  • Must have signals like “Don’t smoke”, “Dangerous Area”, etc.
  • The amount of material can not exceed 80% of the capability of the store
  • Etc.


Finally, when all the logistic work has accomplished with all the regulations of the storage and transport, the pyrotechnists should get a lot of permissions and store all the papers from the fireworks for years, just in case.

In conclusion, even behind the wonder and beauty of the fireworks, exist a lot of logistic work hidden.

Miguel Sellés Tur.

Logistics and Supply Chain Management in the hotel sector

As I have in my Bachelor degree a background in Hospitality and I have been working in the hotel sector for many years, the topics logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM) seem to be quite interesting for me. Therefore in the following entry I would like to share with my colleagues the importance of logistics and SCM in hotels.

The competition in the hotel industry and several other sectors is growing more and more and it is a challenge to differentiate from the others. To conquer this challenge, logistics and SCM have got an important role nowadays.

Impact of logistics and SCM in hotels

A well-established effective, process- and customer orientated logistic and SCM in a hotel cause a sustainable competitive advantage. The use of right logistics and supply chain strategies improve the quality and service of a hotel and reduce costs. Furthermore it will help to be leading player in the industry.

SCM in Hilton Hotels

I would like to present you now a great example of a hotel chain that uses logistics and SCM in a quite efficient way. The Supply Management of Hilton provides properties some of the most comprehensive and value-based supply management solutions in the hospitality industry. The purchasing is enforced by consolidation the supply of requirement by more than 4,000 Hilton Worldwide and third-party properties.  “Ten years ago, we were behind the curve compared to other hospitality companies. Now, we are close to cutting-edge,” says Don Miller, regional director of supply management for Hilton.

The worldwide hotel chain has implemented logistics and supply chain strategies in the company´s operations to reduce costs. Their procurement works through its Beverly Hills office and six regional affiliate locations. The procurement department combines buying into national contracts for its numerous brands. The hotel chain deals directly with suppliers, in reason they negotiate with the distributors that handle warehousing and delivery.  “It’s important to control the whole supply chain,” Miller says.

All in all it can be said, that logistics and SCM bring several benefits to a hotel and influence their success significantly. In the paper of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas from 2012, they are described as follows:

  • The logistics and SCM activity can save hotels costs between 8% and 15% that can be used for other business processes
  • It can reduce errors due to the use of electronic devices with applications which improve the speed of the orders through data exchanged with other members of the supply chain
  • It supports to manage inventory costs with just-in-time strategies

With the mentioned benefits a hotel company can become the player in the market. In the following YouTube-link there is presented a really interesting roundtable of executives from the hospitality sector who discuss the evaluation and efficiency of SCM.

Hilton hotels



The other day i was eating in a famous restaurant in Valencia and when I take the restaurant menu the waiter said me that they don’t have the food that I want to eat, the reason that he given me was that the kind of products that they need to prepare this plate aren’t in the warehouse(were exhausted).

The world of the transport is huge and complicated, planification and distribute just in time means that we need to have an exact control of time and the products but obviously may arise incidentals that they cause this kind of problems. The integral service that some firms offer can be relevant when in any moment there was a lack of urgent provisioning these has a distribution plan or strategic place between their customers to arrive faster and efficiency and to cover flow physical from the supplier to the restaurant.

The supply chain is a long process in terms of steps but it does not have to be very durable so that products do not reach break in that time. “They are delivered in a single order all products that the customer needs, both supply and other classes. The frequency of this provision depends on the influx of the restaurant, location and season. That is why you cannot have precise control, if not anger varying according to certain variables and both the dealer and the customer must be aware to ask for and receive adequate quantity of products.


The restaurant industry is competitive and imposes a dizzying pace, it leads to restaurateurs to join the outsourcing, growing trend in today’s market, to focus on the internal management of your business. While logistics companies are available to any agent of restoration, it is true that the bulk of its clientele corresponds to large strings from all over the country and mostly operate under the franchise system as it is as the chain grows when it becomes more complicated self-management of supply and more urgent to outsource. The restoration involves a host of activities that will certainly result from yours them pick the perfect dealer and that it acted properly in order to get a maximum benefit of cost and time.

Since January 2005 the CE 78/2002 law obliges suppliers and caterers to have a tracking system to identify and track anytime the distance traveled by food from its origin until it reaches the consumer. The food industry is also required to have a HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points). So leave it to a specialist supply chain also facilitates large chains and franchises compliance with the law in this regard because it controls the product all the way.

Time in logistics

When you talk about logistics it is compulsory to talk about time. So I am going to start talking in the blog about that I consider one of the cornerstones of logistic. Since you wake up until you go to the bed, there are a lot of things could be happen but we know that the only thing that you cannot recover it is your time. When somebody takes a reference about the past, the present or the future is taking into account the definition of time. Time helps you to organize your activities during the day and also it provides you a powerful tool to build future short term schedule.

I usually try to follow a schedule in my daily routine, to get on time with my duties and obligations. It all starts, when I put my clock alarm, this kind of action has been thought before than I will wake up, and so I’m applying logistic in this simple previous plan which is necessary for me. This action depend on you, if you put incorrectly your clock alarm is your fault. But, what happens when we are not responsible of our time and you have to rely on others hands? Maybe you have a delay in your next activity that could be significant or insignificant.

In my case when I have to go to Valencia, I usually take the train. Then I catch the subway to arrive at the university. The train is not a perfect clock and I sometimes have to wait some minutes. If I planned to arrive at university in a specific time I cannot get there because for few minutes I lost the subway and my previous plan does not work and I have to reorganize my schedule.

The problem is bigger when one of the trains stops in the middle of the railway track. Consequently, all the trains have a delay. The train which is expected to get to a place has to stop because it cannot pass for the same railway track. This causes a break of the chain and you have to act instantly to provide a service to the customers.

To sum up, I think logistic is important in our daily routine like in my train case. It is present in almost all things and time is necessary for stabilize when the action has to be produced.





For my first glob post, I want to share with my colleagues an application, which I discovered last year when I was in my Bachelor of Business Administration.

Implexa is a multi-player network game where each player manages a company which is part of a supply chain. You can simulate multiple levels of suppliers and several supply networks.

The most important advantage of this tool is that you must make decisions and react quickly. Implexa performs all calculations in real time (costs, inventory levels, lead-time, bullwhip effect, etc.) and graphically displays the results instantly. All of them are calculated digitally on your screen. Neither papers nor hand calculations are needed.

Other interesting advantages are: You do not have to install anything on your computer. Everything is ready for use instantly. You only need a browser and an internet connection. Also, Implexa works on multiple devices and operating systems, for example PC, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS etc. Thus, it is available for nearly everyone.

I think it is a very useful tool because it is a very practical way to gain knowledge the teacher explains about logistics and to put into practice. Moreover, it was developed by a teacher of our university which seems to me an added value because the application takes into consideration the contents of the subjects studied here.

More info:

News UPV: Aprende logística con Implexa

Interview with the creator →