Green supply chain apps: a sustainable chain

Have you heard of CarbonStory? Based on gamification, this app for a sustainable supply chain allows organizations to calculate their environmental impact and helps them reduce their carbon footprint while competing with other companies. Technology once again combines with supply chain sustainability and, in the form of apps, makes operations greener than ever.

Do you know the applications that could improve the management?

  1. Sustainability in transportation: The Canvas application has been designed to help optimize the processes of transportation and global logistics management.
  2. Packaging Sustainability: COMPASS is an application that allows designers and packaging engineers to compare the human and environmental impacts of up to four different designs.
  3. End-to-end sustainability: The environmental responsibility of suppliers and supply chain partners is easier to monitor thanks to applications such as Ecodesk.
  4. Sustainability in the supply: The Frequentz app gives you access to the traceability of your sourcing function.

Example of one of them:

 

I consider that companies need to invest in new technology like this because it would allow them to grow in the market and to have all the control in the supply chain.

Source:

https://www.gocanvas.com/mobile-forms-apps/14999-Sustainable-Supply-Chain-Logistics-Guide-Best-Practices-in-Transport?show_device=true

http://www.sustainablepackaging.org/content/?type=5&id=compass-comparative-packaging-assessment

https://www.ecodesk.com/

http://frequentz.com/

 

 

Delivering food by bike

In the past few years, many companies have started to deliver products from any business to any customer. For example, Deliveroo, JustEat, Glovo, Stuart, UBER Eats…

They offer to the business a easy way of send products to their customers. They give to the business flexibility in order they don’t have to pay employees that don’t have anything to do in valley hours or they don’t have problems on peak hours. In addition, they work as an intermediary between the restaurant and the customer so they guarantee that the restaurant will get paid.  Finally, they promote their business on their app and their Webpage. So, the business used to get more customers.

For their workers, they give a flexible job where they decide which hours want to work. In addition is healthy if they work using a bike. And is fast to be hired, in fact you will work as a freelance and they contract you and pay you for the orders that you deliver.

In this case we will talk about Deliveroo and Glovo which are the most important in Spain.

 

Deliveroo

It’s a company which was founded in London in 2013 and they job is to bring food from restaurants to your house. Nowadays, they spread across eighty-four cities in the UK, Netherlands, France, Germany, Belgium, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Australia, Singapore, Dubai, and Hong Kong. In Spain, they are expanding its business and now they are working in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza and Sant Cugat.

In the case of Deliveroo workers they pay you 4.25€ per order and they will earn at least 8,5€ per hour. They pay you twice per month and they give you a luggage carrier for your bike or your motorbike, one box for hold the orders, and two cooler bags, one for the box and another for orders.

In the case of the customers, you have to pay 2.50€ for order, but if you buymore than 15€ transports cost are included.

And now, a 30 seconds video:

Glovoo

It’s another Start-up created in Barcelona in 2015. Actually, they are working in 8 different cities, Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla, Málaga, Paris and Milano.

Unlike Deliveroo, Glovoo works with all kind of Business, restaurants, pharmacies, markets… They can bring to your house from food till paracetamol, a book, a rose or whatever you want.

Glovers are the Glovoo’s workers and they earn a fixed quantity of money for the order (2.5€), and a variable quantity that depends on the distance (0.55€/km) and the waiting time (0.05€/min). Additionally, if it is raining the glover will earn 30% more.

In the case of the customers, Glovoo charge you a price for deliver your product from 1.90€ till 2.5€ depending on the establishment that you choose.

 

And a promotion video of Glovoo

 

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are a lot of companies that has been created in order to cover the last mile delivery, some of them are going very well, and others not, but it is a very interesting sector where people are investing a lot of money.

Safety stock management

Proper stock management is to know the quantities of product that are needed and when needed. Although the costs that are most committed to logistics management are:

-Launch costs
-Storage costs
-Product acquisition costs

The stock of security will be the “mattress” of merchandise that serves to cope with unforeseen circumstances.

Characteristics of the safety stock

-Know when to place an order. For the reorder point calculation it will be necessary to take into account what is in transit and the expected demand for that merchandise that has to be covered. 

-Will be used when the actual demand is higher than expected.

-Helps the logistic project manager in the search for results that maintain customer satisfaction.


In my opinion, a bad decision in terms of inventory management can generate many costs whether it is deviated by excess or deviating by default.

 

Resultado de imagen de safety stock

 

 

The importance of information flow in Supply Chain Management

The definition  of supply chain management (SCM) includes information flow as one of the two major flow components of the supply chain .  The need to share information across the various entities along the supply chain is definitely of paramount importance. Information serves as the connection between the supply chain’s various stages, allowing them to coordinate their actions and bring about many of the benefits of maximizing total supply chain profitability.

    Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. has used point-of-sale bar-code readers feeding data into an information system that links stores, distribution centers, and vendors.  Wal-Mart has entered into retailer-supplier partnerships known as vendor managed inventory (VMI) systems with a large number of its major suppliers.  Under a VMI system, a Wal-Mart supplier (subject to bounds previously agreed upon with Wal-Mart) decides on the appropriate levels of inventory to carry at the retail stores, as well as the corresponding inventory policies to maintain such levels.  To make such a system work, Wal-Mart shares point-of-sale information from its retail outlets directly with the supplier.  Other retailers may fear that the willingness to share information would result in losing power within such partnerships.  It actually allows the suppliers, given the easy access to information on consumer transactions and buying patterns, to themselves take responsibility for the sales and marketing of their own products within Wal-Mart stores.  This saves Wal-Mart a significant amount of managerial and other resources.  At the same time, these VMI partnerships have improved the suppliers’ on-time deliveries while increasing their inventory turnovers , and demonstrate how information sharing leads to mutual advantage for both parties in such partnerships.

      In all the information sharing that takes place in SCM, however, there is a need to ensure that the information flow is accurate and reliable.  Procter & Gamble (P&G) started to explore, after experiencing erratic shifts in ordering along the supply chain for its popular brand of disposable diapers, a phenomenon referred to as the bullwhip effect.  This phenomenon results in the flow of distorted information from one entity to another along the supply chain.  In particular, it was found that distributors’ orders showed more variability than that of sales (customer demand) and, further along the supply chain, P&G’s orders to its supplier exhibited the greatest variability.  Managers at every link in the supply chain tend to magnify even slight demand uncertainties and variabilities, and will tend to make ordering and inventory decisions in their own entity’s interest.  The phenomenon can give rise to excessive inventories, poor customer service, and lost revenues, among others.  It is not unique to P&G or the consumer packaged goods industry, but has also been experienced in a computer company and a pharmaceutical company.

    It is worth noting that both the inter-functional and inter-organizational coordination dimensions of SCM have made significant strides forward as a result of developments in the field of information technology, particularly the growth of inter-organizational information systems.  Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems have facilitated inter-functional coordination.  The wide use of electronic data interchange (EDI)—the direct computer-to-computer exchange between two business partners of standard business documents such as purchase orders and invoices—especially over the last ten years or so, has helped improve inter-organizational coordination in SCM.

Source: The importance of information flow in Supply Chain Management ( document by Adriano Solis)

MEDICINES DISPENSING

The hospitals and pharmacies of the whole world have to work daily with an infinite number of medicines and compounds, being this, an arduous task. Concretely, they do not only have to deal with a big number of items in inventory but also have to struggle with an enormous flow of information. How do the hospitals and the pharmacies manage this difficulty?

As we well know, the logistics automation has landed in the society in order to make easier the manipulation of materials and information, also in the case of pharmacies and hospitals. In particular, to get this aim they use robots.

Pharmacy before and after

When a client or a hospital worker go to the pharmacy in search of medicines, the pharmacy put the order in the computer and automatically the medicines are received, as you can see in the following video.

The restoring of the stock realized by the pharmacist is also intuitive and automatic, the responsible insert the medicines in a scanner and the robot stores them automatically. The video bellow shows us this process.

The advantages of this technological inventory system are:

  • Better inventory control, being able to cover peaks of demand, without extra work, thanks to a perfect monitoring of entrances and exits.
  • Possibility to store by expiration date.
  • Avoiding the human error and increasing safety.
  • Faster service for the worker and customer, reducing thus the queue and increasing the customer satisfaction.
  • Space exploitation that allows the increase of the inventory

FAST-FOOD ORDERING

The queues management has changed greatly in the last few years, hand in hand with new technologies. For example, nowadays it is not unusual to find a hypermarket or a department store incorporating single queue solution. The most common are the notifications through a sound device or a screen. But, how do the fast-food chains do to manage the queues in their establishments?

The main trend in the fast-food restaurants is the use of self-order kiosks. These kiosks allow the customers to interact with a touchscreen to choose the menu or the set of foods or beverages that they desire to take. Once the client takes a decision, pays automatically with a credit or debit card, receiving a ticket as a physical evidence of the purchase. Additionally, the fast-food restaurants have established a special queue for this kind of orders, speeding up the delivery process.

McDonald’s is using this system since a couple of years, as you can watch in this short video about a half minute.

However, this is not the only fast food chain using this interactive system, also companies as Domino’s Pizza or MAX, the famous Sweden burger restaurant, have incorporated this technology in order to improve customer experience.

In addition, the fast-food companies are implementing mobile ordering systems, thus the clients can order a hamburger in advance, go to the restaurant and pick up the product without waiting.

movil

The main advantages of the use of this technology are:

  • Improvement of customer experience.
  • The possibility of forecast the demand in advance (mobile ordering).
  • Reduction of queues.
  • Saving of time
  • Increasement of the convenience.

Information on pallet in logistics

In the last class it was possible to appreciate the importance of knowing how to integrate the quantity of pallets in a warehouse, to know how many trucks are delivery and the possible quantity of pallet inside the truck, quantity of truck and to calculate according to the available space the capacity of Pallet that can to store depending on the demand of the company and consider the best cost. Below we will see certain characteristics of the pallets.

The pallet can be recognised by the blocks underneath the pallet. The right block bears the word Euro and the other block bears the name of the manufacturer. The pallets may only be manufactured by recognised companies that follow certain standards during the manufacturing process. If the euro pallet is broken, it loses its entire value.  The customary dimensions of a block pallet are 100 x 120cm. A block pallet is sometimes also referred to as a four-way pallet, as a forklift truck can lift it on any of the four sides.

Wooden pallets typically consist of three or four stringers that support several deckboards, on top of which goods are placed. In a pallet measurement the first number is the stringer length and the second is the deckboard length. Square or nearly square pallets help a load resist tipping.
Two-way pallets are designed to be lifted by the deckboards. The standard North American pallet, or GMA pallet, has stringers of 48 inches and deckboards of 40 inches.
Four-way pallets, or pallets for heavy loads (or general-purpose systems that might have heavy loads) are best lifted by their more rigid stringers. These pallets are usually heavier, bigger and more durable than two-way pallets.
Pallet users want pallets to easily pass through buildings, to stack and fit in racks, to be accessible to forklifts and pallet jacks and to function in automated warehouses. To avoid shipping air, pallets should also pack tightly inside intermodal containers and vans.
No universally accepted standards for pallet dimensions exist. Companies and organizations utilize hundreds of different pallet sizes around the globe. While no single dimensional standard governs pallet production, a few different sizes are widely used.
Over the last few years, logistics has become increasingly important, has become professionalized and has become one of the most important departments of companies operating in a global, dynamic and increasingly competitive environment. This has greatly contributed to the fact that the pallet is no longer considered as a mere “commodity” and has become an element of great importance for the optimization of logistics costs.

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