In the last class it was possible to appreciate the importance of knowing how to integrate the quantity of pallets in a warehouse, to know how many trucks are delivery and the possible quantity of pallet inside the truck, quantity of truck and to calculate according to the available space the capacity of Pallet that can to store depending on the demand of the company and consider the best cost. Below we will see certain characteristics of the pallets.
The pallet can be recognised by the blocks underneath the pallet. The right block bears the word Euro and the other block bears the name of the manufacturer. The pallets may only be manufactured by recognised companies that follow certain standards during the manufacturing process. If the euro pallet is broken, it loses its entire value. The customary dimensions of a block pallet are 100 x 120cm. A block pallet is sometimes also referred to as a four-way pallet, as a forklift truck can lift it on any of the four sides.
Wooden pallets typically consist of three or four stringers that support several deckboards, on top of which goods are placed. In a pallet measurement the first number is the stringer length and the second is the deckboard length. Square or nearly square pallets help a load resist tipping.
Two-way pallets are designed to be lifted by the deckboards. The standard North American pallet, or GMA pallet, has stringers of 48 inches and deckboards of 40 inches.
Four-way pallets, or pallets for heavy loads (or general-purpose systems that might have heavy loads) are best lifted by their more rigid stringers. These pallets are usually heavier, bigger and more durable than two-way pallets.
Pallet users want pallets to easily pass through buildings, to stack and fit in racks, to be accessible to forklifts and pallet jacks and to function in automated warehouses. To avoid shipping air, pallets should also pack tightly inside intermodal containers and vans.
No universally accepted standards for pallet dimensions exist. Companies and organizations utilize hundreds of different pallet sizes around the globe. While no single dimensional standard governs pallet production, a few different sizes are widely used.
Over the last few years, logistics has become increasingly important, has become professionalized and has become one of the most important departments of companies operating in a global, dynamic and increasingly competitive environment. This has greatly contributed to the fact that the pallet is no longer considered as a mere “commodity” and has become an element of great importance for the optimization of logistics costs.